Dermatophytes are an over-abundant label for a group of fungi of the same genus that typically causes infection of the skin in both animals and human. Historically, dermatophytes are known to be responsible for about 90% of the skin diseases affecting mammals. Commonly, these fungal species are: Microsporum, Epiomyces, Penicillium and Trichophyllum. Currently, there are only about 40 different species in those three genera.
In addition to infecting both animals and people, dermatophytes can also infect many plants, some of which are popular as houseplants and some of which are grown as ornamental crops such as poison ivy. Among the plants that are commonly infected are the epiphytes, which are often sold as houseplants or in flower pots, and the two specific species, Geocarpus and Tricarpus, which are common as ornamental grasses. One very unique type of dermatophytes is the dermatophytes protozoa, which are commonly found growing in the intestines of both animals and people. Among the plants that contain Dermatophytes protozoa are sago palms, which contain Dermatophytes that produce toxins; hairy plasters such as oleores, which contain Dermatophytes that serve as a defensive layer on the surface of the root; and potatoes, which contain dermatophytes that secrete toxins.
One study suggests that dermatophytes may also exist in association with other plant diseases that affect the development of protective mucus in the human body. The association between dermatophytes and food poisoning seems to be quite recent, but it has been hypothesized that the same substance may be responsible for this condition. Another disease associated with Dermatophytes is the candida albicans infection. This appears to be due to a low level of hyaluronic acid in the body, since one of the most common symptoms of the condition is the appearance of small, firm, white lesions on the skin that is surrounded by a dry, cracked skin. These lesions may occur in various areas of the body, including the genital areas, in women and men, and in both sexes, and can have a viral component.
What Causes Dermatophytes?
Dermatophytes are quite simply a fancy term for a collection of microscopic fungi of the class known as Alternafolia which is most commonly caused by dermatophytes in both humans and animals. Historically, there are around 40 different species in this group. The most common species in both animal and human dermis is the Microsporum canis, which is also known as Sporalea canis. The other common fungi that cause dermatophyte infections in both animals and humans are the Epidermophytum scintillans, the Crateyholium rolfsen and the Penicillium roqueforti which collectively make up the large class of dermatophytes.
Infection of the skin with dermatophytes is generally caused by the application or exposure to a number of different external factors that together lead to a reaction in the affected area of the body leading to a fungal infection. Common external factors that can cause dermatophyte infection include: exposure to spores of the dermatophyte fungus, physical trauma, chemicals, radiation, excessive heat and sunlight, cosmetics, medications used on the skin or surgical incisions. It should be noted that although almost all of the fungi that infect human skin cause dermatophytes, some dermatophytes cannot grow on human skin without causing an infection. Dermatophytes can exist in both living and dead forms on the skin, as well as in the environment and groundwater.
The question of what causes dermatophytes is a highly debated topic, as there is not one single reason behind the symbiotic appearance of these fungi in various areas of the body. Dermatophytes appear and develop when the skin’s dead cells, including collagen, the main protein of connective tissue, are disturbed by factors such as radiation or excessive heat, or by physical damage to the cell’s DNA. Some fungi have the ability to form spores and produce spores in various parts of the body, such as nails, hair, and the outer layer of the skin. Fungi can also live in oral tissues and in mucous membranes. Understanding more about the various types of fungi that may infect human skin will help doctors and patients alike to determine and treat infections.
How Do You Identify Dermatophytes?
You have probably read that dermatophytes are micro-organisms that produce an abundance of keratin and other proteins which are necessary for the skin to remain healthy. The only problem is that it is difficult to kill these fungi. Many people don’t understand the difference between a fungal infection and a yeast infection, and they end up using the same treatments.
A dermatophyte is a type of fungus that do not contain keratin, but it does contain a sugar called keratin. A yeast infection on the other hand, does break down the cell wall of the cell, allowing the yeast to colonize the body. How do you identify dermatophytes and yeast infections? When a skin becomes infected with either one, or a combination of both, you should be able to tell the difference by looking at the picture of the organisms below (a dermatophyte, and a yeast infection).
The common symptoms of a dermatophyte and a fungal infection are the development of small black or white spots. Other common signs include a rash, inflammation, itching, and burning. If you have a dermatophyte, you can see some dark micro-spores in the area. How do you identify this condition? Simply look at the pictures below (dermatophyte, fungal infection, and a skin lesion that is a combination of a dermatophyte and a fungal infection).
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